The Ministry of the Environment is seeking comments on a draft Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Reporting regulation and guideline (see links) that would phase in requirements and support the implementation of a cap and trade program that can link to other GHG systems.
The regulation proposes the following requirements:
- Reporting for all regulated sources that are emitting 25,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) or more per year;
- Reporting of 2010 emissions in the year 2011, and reporting annually thereafter;
- Flexibility to use the best alternative quantification methods for 2010 emissions, to be reported in 2011;
- Use of standardized methods to quantify emissions starting for the reporting of 2011 emissions in 2012;
- Third party verification for the 2011 emissions, to be verified in 2012 and every year thereafter;
- Emission reports to be submitted on June 1 of each year starting in 2011; and
- Verification to be completed by September 1 of each year, starting in 2012.
The regulation is accompanied by a guideline that outlines standardized mandatory methods to be used to quantify emissions and includes the best alternative quantification methods that may be used during the first year of reporting.
Third party verification will be phased in starting with 2011 emissions, with the first verification to be submitted in 2012. This phased in approach allows time to build capacity in Ontario for third party verification in accordance with the ISO 14064 and 14065 requirements. The Ministry encourages all regulated sources to voluntarily undertake third party verification in the first year to provide further assurance of their emissions data.
Smaller emitters (facilities emitting between 10,000 and 25,000 tonnes) are not required to report under the current proposed regulation. The Ministry will develop an outreach program to encourage voluntary reporting for these smaller emitters, so that they are prepared to adapt to emerging North America-wide requirements with which Ontario will likely align.
The Western Climate Initiative (WCI) proposes requiring, and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) will require, fuel suppliers to report emissions attributable to the combustion of their products in transportation, residential, commercial and other industrial sectors (see links). Ontario’s proposed regulation and guideline does not cover fuel suppliers. As WCI finalizes methods for fuel suppliers, Ontario will consider incorporation of fuel suppliers into the regulation, taking into account a full review of both the WCI methods and the U.S. EPA requirements. Opportunity will be provided for stakeholder review and comment of any new methods proposed to be added.
Ontario has worked through the WCI to solicit input from Ontario and Canadian stakeholders that is reflected in the proposed reporting requirements.
Ontario will maintain flexibility and continue to work with the federal government and other provinces to harmonize GHG reporting requirements and methods where feasible. Ontario will also continue to work with its WCI Partners to harmonize with the new final U.S. EPA reporting requirements where feasible. Ontario seeks stakeholder comments and feedback on further aligning with U.S. EPA reporting requirements and on the application in Ontario of U.S. EPA methods incorporated by reference.