The Clean Water Act came into effect on October 19, 2006. The purpose of the Act is to protect existing and future sources of drinking water through the development of collaborative, locally driven, science-based protection plans
The Act applies primarily to municipal drinking water systems.
First Nations with reserves in source protection areas may submit a Band Council Resolution to the Minister of the Environment requesting that a regulation be made to include an existing or planned drinking water system that serves or will serve a Reserve in the applicable drinking water source protection planning process.
The ministry has received two Band Council Resolutions, from Kettle and Stony Point First Nation and Six Nations of the Grand River.
Kettle and Stony Point First Nation Request
The Kettle and Stony Point First Nation reserve is located on the shore of Lake Huron, northeast of Sarnia, and is in the St. Clair Region Source Protection Area (Thames-Sydenham and Region Source Protection Region).
The Band Council Resolution requests that the drinking water intakes at both Kettle Point and Stony Point be included in the source protection planning process for the Ausable Bayfield Source Protection Area (Ausable Bayfield Maitland Valley Source Protection Region).
Six Nations of the Grand River
The Six Nations of the Grand River reserve is located approximately 25 km southwest of the City of Hamilton between the cities of Brantford, Caledonia and Hagersville, and is in the Grand River Source Protection Area (Lake Erie Source Protection Region).
The Band Council Resolution requests that the Ohsweken (Grand River intake) drinking water system be included in the drinking water source protection planning process.
The proposed regulation would direct the relevant Source Protection Committees to include the on-reserve drinking water systems in the source protection planning process.
It is anticipated that, to ensure the regulation can be implemented, agreements will be entered into between the relevant parties: the Ministry of the Environment, the relevant source protection authorities, Conservation Authorities and the respective First Nations, to set out the specific details regarding technical studies, etc.