The Temagami Crown Management Unit (CMU) is located in the Ministry of Natural Resources' (MNR) Northeast Region and wholly within MNR’s North Bay District.
The Temagami CMU is centred on the Village of Temagami, which is approximately 100 kilometres north of the City of North Bay. To the north lies the Elk Lake and Temiskaming Forest, while the Sudbury and Nipissing Forests are located to the west and south respectively. Lake Temiskaming and the Province of Quebec are located to the east. Municipalities located within the management unit include Temagami, Temiskaming Shores, Latchford, Cobalt and Harris, Hudson and Coleman Townships.
The Temagami Forest lies within the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Forest Region of Canada (Rowe 1972). The unique characteristics of the Temagami Forest are a result of it geographic location at the northern boundary of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence and the southern boundary of the Boreal mixed wood forest regions of Ontario.
It is in Site Region and District 4E-4. The north easternmost portion of the forest lies in the Little Clay Belt, which is part of Site District 4E-5. The CMU supports a wide variety of vegetation associations. Much of the forest is comprised of mixed stands of white birch, poplar, white and black spruce, balsam fir, white and red pine, white cedar and jack pine. Relatively pure stands of these species are less common throughout the unit. In the southern part of the unit tolerant hardwoods also comprise a significant portion of the forest. These areas are dominated by hard and soft maple, and also contain yellow birch and red oak. Other incidental species present in varying amounts include black ash, tamarack, hemlock, elm and ironwood.
The Temagami Forest extends over an area of 650,000 hectares. Ninety-four (94) percent of the CMU is Crown land. However, only 2/3 of the Crown productive forest is available for forest management purposes. The remaining 1/3 is found in regulated provincial parks, conservation reserves or other ‘no forestry’ land use zones and ‘no-cut’ areas of concern reserves. Private land comprises 7 percent of the total area of the forest and is concentrated in the northeast part of the area. Private land in the Temagami Forest contributes minimally to the overall wood supply in the management unit. The forest in the northeastern part of the management unit was cleared in the past for agricultural purposes. The Temagami Forest also includes part or all of seven regulated provincial parks; in addition, the Temagami Forest includes part or all of 16 conservation reserves.
The Temagami Forest is the homeland of the Temagami First Nation and the Teme-Agama Anishnabai and lies partially within the area of interest of the Matachewan First Nation.
The Temagami First Nation homeland is known as the Daki Menan and is approximately 10, 000 square kilometres in size and is bordered by Marten River in the south, Elk Lake to the north, the Montreal River in the east, and the Sturgeon River to the west. Research has confirmed the presence of the Temagami First Nation (TFN) on Daki Menan lands for at least 6,000 years and the forests have met the material, cultural, and spiritual needs of the Daki Menan people. The Matachewan First Nation is situated at the northern extent of the Temagami Crown Forest Unit. Traditionally the Matachewan First Nation occupied areas of the Temagami Forest and have used this forest for their traditional harvests of medicines, building materials, food and other cultural uses. At this time Matachewan First Nation does not have a license to harvest within the Temagami Forest.
A number of mills receive wood fibre from the Temagami Forest, but none of them are entirely dependant on the unit for their timber supplies. Mills which receive fibre from the Temagami Forest include Grant Forest Products, Goulard Lumber, Elk Lake Planning Mill (co-owned by Domtar Inc. and Liskeard Lumber Ltd.), Tembec mills in Mattawa, Kenogami and Temiskaming, Northern Pressure-Treated Wood Ltd, Columbia Forest Products, Norbord Industries, and Temagami Cedar.
The Temagami CMU FMP will be in effect for the 10-year period between April 1, 2009 and March 31, 2019, consisting of two 5-year planning phases for forest operations. The first phase is from April 1, 2009 to March 31, 2014 and the second from April 1, 2014 to March 31, 2019.