The Algoma Forest is located in the Ministry of Natural Resources' (MNR) Northeast Region. It is located in the western part of the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) Sault Ste. Marie District and the eastern part of Wawa District. For forest management purposes, MNR has issued a sustainable forest licence (SFL) to Clergue Forest Management Inc. Under the licence, the corporation is responsible for, among other things, the preparation of the forest management plan (FMP) in accordance with the provisions of the FMPM (2004).
The Algoma Forest is located west of Highway 129, north of the city of Sault Ste. Marie to the junction of Highway 17 and Highway 519 to Dubreuilville and west through Wawa to the eastern boundary of Pukaskwa National Park.
The Algoma Forest has a total forested area of 1,561,874 hectares (ha), of which 62% (951,004 ha) is classified as Crown land. Approximately 15% of the Crown land (174,000 ha) is classified as provincial parks and conservation reserves. The remaining 38% (581,995 ha) consists of a variety of patented land holdings.
The Algoma Forest is in the transition from the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Forest Region to the Boreal Forest Region. It includes a mix of forest types and conditions from rolling hills of sugar maple and yellow birch to rough coastal terrain covered by white birch with stands of spruce and jack pine in between. White pine is present throughout most of the eastern portion of the unit on productive, mixed sites. The forest supports tree species such as maple, birch, pine, spruce, and poplar. Sugar maple, white birch, and black spruce are the most abundant species in the forest. White spruce, trembling aspen, balsam fir, yellow birch and jack pine are relatively common. Red pine, white pine, hemlock, cedar and larch are also present. A few isolated occurrences of other hardwoods, including black ash are also found.
Timber is harvested pursuant to an approved forest management plan. St. Mary's Paper Ltd., Weyerhaeuser Company Ltd., Columbia Forest Products/Levesque Division, Midway Lumber Mills, Domtar Inc. have formed a business partnership to create Clergue Forest Management Inc.. Under the terms of a sustainable forest licence issued by MNR, Clergue Forest Management Inc. is responsible for forest management on the unit.
In addition to fiber for commercial use, the forest supports wildlife and ecosystem functions such as carbon sinks and water conservation. Commercial and non commercial recreation opportunities are also associated with the forest.
The Garden River, Batchewana and Michipicoten Aboriginal First Nations are located on the Algoma Forest. The Garden River First Nation is located on the north shore of the St. Mary’s River. The Batchewana Aboriginal community is made up of four reserve land bases. The Rankin Reserve is located along the eastern boundary of the city of Sault Ste. Marie. The Goulais Bay Reserve is on the shores of Lake Superior on the westerly shore of Goulais Bay, near Goulais Point. The Obadjiwan Reserve is made up of Batchewana Village and the Batchewana Trust Lands, and is located on the westerly shore of the Batchawana Bay. The Whitefish Island Reserve is in the St. Marys River adjacent to the Sault locks. The Michipicoten Aboriginal Community (IR 49) is located approximately 8 kilometres west of Wawa. The Mississauga and Thessalon Aboriginal communities are located to the east of the Algoma Forest.
The anticipated dates that the Algoma Forest FMP will be in effect are for the 10-year period of April 1, 2010 to March 31, 2020; and in terms of forest operations, for the five-year term of April 1, 2010 to March 31, 2015.