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Information Notice:   EBR Registry Number:   011-2303
A proposed approach for habitat protection for Woodland Caribou (Forest-dwelling boreal population) under the Endangered Species Act, 2007
Ministry of Natural Resources
Date Information Notice loaded to the Registry:
March 01, 2012

Some web links in this notice have been updated due to a web migration project. If you cannot access information that was previously available, you can request assistance from the contact listed in this notice. The remainder of the notice has not been altered.

This notice was first published on the Environmental Registry on January 24, 2011. This notice was republished March 1, 2012 to advise that the comment period closed on March 10, 2011 and to advise that a Stakeholder Consultation Report and comment summary is available by request from caribou@ontario.ca. If future consultation is proposed, a notice will be placed on the registry. The remainder of this notice has not been altered.

Keyword(s):   Fish and Wildlife  |  Timber Management  |  Protected Areas  |  Parks  |  Forests  |  Conservation

This notice is for your information. The Environmental Bill of Rights does not require this notice to be placed on the Environmental Registry, however, section 6 of the Act does allow the Environmental Registry to be used to share information about the environment with the public.

Rationale for Exemption to Public Comment:

As there is no regulation proposal at this stage, MNR is voluntarily posting this notice to inform the public of MNR’s proposed approach to protecting the habitat of Woodland Caribou by regulation. MNR invites comments from the public regarding this proposed approach.


Section 10 of the Endangered Species Act, 2007 (ESA 2007) prohibits the damage or destruction of the habitat of species classified as endangered or threatened on the Species at Risk in Ontario (SARO) List in Ontario Regulation 230/08.

Under the ESA 2007, “habitat” is defined as either:

  • an area on which a species depends directly or indirectly to carry on its life processes (based on the general definition in clause 2(1)(b) of ESA 2007); or
  • an area prescribed by regulation as the habitat for the species (clause 2(1)(a) of ESA 2007).

The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations prescribing an area as habitat of a species that is listed as extirpated, endangered or threatened on the SARO List. A habitat regulation can prescribe an area as the habitat of the species by describing the specific boundaries of the area, by describing the features of the area, or by describing the area in any other manner. Given the central role of habitat protection in species conservation, Ontario intends to regulate the habitat of Woodland Caribou for the purpose of promoting its survival and recovery.

Woodland Caribou (Forest-dwelling boreal population) is listed as a threatened species under the ESA 2007. Woodland Caribou are native to Ontario’s northern forests. They are an important indicator of a healthy boreal forest ecosystem on which they rely. As one of several jurisdictions responsible for managing the northern boreal forest, Ontario has an important role in Woodland Caribou stewardship. Woodland Caribou occur at low densities over large areas of the Boreal Forest. They range across much of northern Ontario, with isolated populations along the shoreline and islands of Lake Superior. Effective Woodland Caribou conservation and recovery requires maintenance of a landscape suitable for caribou. They require larger areas of mature boreal forest with a variety of forest conditions that shift through time and across a broad geographic area. These forest landscapes also provide multiple social and economic benefits to the people of Ontario. A healthy caribou population is a good indicator of a healthy boreal forest – a signal that Ontario can continue to benefit from its boreal forest resource.

The proposed approach for protecting the habitat of Woodland Caribou provides for the consideration of social, economic and environmental concerns in the context of long-term caribou survival. Caribou ranges would be the basis for evaluating habitat conditions and identifying Woodland Caribou habitat, assessing population trends, and assessing and addressing cumulative impacts. At a range level, Woodland Caribou can tolerate cumulative impacts of disturbances up to a threshold, beyond which their persistence is uncertain. The approach would focus on the long-term sustainability of Woodland Caribou ranges including the consideration of cumulative impacts. The proposed approach would involve protecting 3 different zones:

  • A protection zone, consisting of areas of continuous caribou distribution within the Area of the Undertaking (AoU) for Forest Management that are required to provide an adequate amount of caribou habitat. All development activities, that damage or destroy habitat (exceed disturbance threshold) would require a permit in this zone.
  • A conservation zone, consisting of areas of continuous caribou distribution within the AoU where specific development activities would be exempted by regulation provided they meet conditions aimed at the protection and recovery of caribou and its habitat. (For the forest industry these conditions would mirror those being implemented through the Caribou Conservation Plan, which has been in place since 2009).
  • Areas in the Far North will receive an exemption by regulation for activities authorized to occur under a Community Based Land Use Plan (CBLUP) provided they meet conditions aimed at the protection and recovery of caribou and its habitat.

The proposed approach could delineate a protection zone using the following criteria to identify large areas that:

  • Have not been previously harvested;
  • Are not planned for forest harvest for at least 30 years;
  • Currently contribute to a sufficient amount of caribou habitat; and
  • Do not prevent strategic access into the Far North Planning Area.

The proposed approach requires the development of exemption conditions for individual sectors aimed at the protection and recovery of caribou and its habitat. These conditions will be developed with the involvement of interested parties.

Purpose of the Notice:

The purpose of this notice is to inform the public and seek comment on a proposed approach for protecting the habitat of Woodland Caribou by regulation under the ESA 2007.

Other Information:

MNR has created a workbook to facilitate comments on the approach for protecting the habitat of Woodland Caribou. The workbook is available at the website provided below.


Comments may be emailed to: caribouhabreg@ontario.ca

The following weblinks provide supporting information about this notice:

Other Public Consultation Opportunities:

This notice is being posted for a 45 day public notice and comment period starting January 24th, 2011 and ending March 10th, 2011.

Information sessions will be held in the following communities:

  • Dryden
  • Thunder Bay 
  • Hearst 
  • Cochrane 
  • Toronto

Additional details on the dates and venues for these sessions will be posted on the Species at Risk website by February 15, 2011: 

A subsequent Environmental Registry posting will be undertaken to seek comments on a draft habitat regulation for Woodland Caribou.

Please direct your comments to:

c/o Jennifer Chikoski, Sr. Policy Advisor
Species at Risk Branch
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources
955 Oliver Road
Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1


Jennifer Chikoski
Senior Policy Advisor
Ministry of Natural Resources
Policy Division
Species at Risk Branch
c/o Centre for Northern Forest Ecosystem Research
955 Oliver Road
Thunder Bay Ontario
P7B 5E1
Phone: (807) 343-4020